Supporting Efficient Cookstoves in Rwanda

Gold Standard

We have now offset another 20,000 ton CO2eq in a Gold Standard certified project!

By distributing cookstove technology to communities in Rwanda, this project benefits the environment by significantly reducing CO2 intense fuel consumption. Health conditions inside homes are improved due to the presence of less indoor smoke, and families can spend less time collecting wood fuel and more time with their families.

Biomass, principally firewood and charcoal, holds huge importance in Rwanda, accounting for a significant proportion of energy consumption. Biomass is often the predominant source of energy for cooking and water boiling, especially in rural areas. Cooking is generally carried out on thermally inefficient traditional devices and produces large amounts of smoke and indoor air pollution.

The replacement fuel-efficient stove will lead to a significant reduction in the annual usage of biomass for users. The improved stove has been designed to balance efficiency, safety, cost, stability and strength with a focus on using locally available materials.

By reducing the consumption of non-renewable wood and providing cookstoves with fuel savings, this project reduces the amount of greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. A decrease of deforestation has a positive impact on biodiversity. Households save money by having less fuel requirements for cooking the same amount of food and health is improved through the reduction of indoor air pollutants from cleaner cookstoves. The project also generates employment and income for people via the distribution and maintenance of the stoves, as well as training and employing community education staff.

More information about this project in the Gold Standard registry (including verification and monitoring reports): https://registry.goldstandard.org/projects/details/155

Invoice: invoice Go Climate Neutral

Retired credits:
https://registry.goldstandard.org/credit-blocks/details/39225
https://registry.goldstandard.org/credit-blocks/details/39226
https://registry.goldstandard.org/credit-blocks/details/39227

Klimatberäkningar för företag

Vi har precis släppt vårt verktyg för klimatberäkningar för tjänsteföretag. Gå gärna in och testa!

Om du är intresserad av hur beräkningarna går till så kan du läsa vår metodbeskrivning här: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ZavmI-e-JSyFvRuUiKJcxvdjw2MEStZYlYXgUfm3TXY/edit?usp=sharing

Beräkningarna är kompatibla med GHG-protokollet för många mindre tjänsteföretag. Vårt mål har dock inte varit att göra en fullständig scope 3-analys av mer komplexa företag, utan istället göra något som är enkelt för många mindre bolag att göra för att få koll på sina klimatutsläpp.

Du kan även se våra andra klimat-tjänster för företag här.

The Carbon Footprint of Servers

We have done some research about the carbon footprint of running cloud, data center and on-premise servers.

Our goal has been to find a way to estimate the carbon footprint from the servers we need to calculate emissions for in our business carbon footprint calculator. We wanted to find a good approximation of the emissions without forcing the business to enter everything about the server-model and kWh-consumption they use in our calculator.

This is an attempt to summarize our findings.

We quickly realized that just requiring the number of servers running is a too rough measurement, often resulting in estimations 5-10x lower or higher then a precise calculation. So we needed to require more parameters from our business users to not be too off in our approximation.

After some experimenting and reading we found that there are two factors that both are fairly easy to find out and also make a big impact on the carbon footprint of servers, if the electricity used is green or not and if the servers are in the cloud or not.

Therefor we divide our calculations of the carbon footprint for servers into four categories. More categories could easily be constructed to achieve more precise estimations, but as stated earlier, our goal was also to make this an as easy as possible thing to find out for the business calculating the footprints.

The four categories we ended up with are:

  1. Cloud server using 100% green electricity
  2. Cloud server using non-green electricity
  3. On premise or data center-server using 100% green electricity
  4. On premise or data center-server using non-green electricity

To find out which category to use, you need to know if the electricity your servers are using is 100% green (or if the electricity not green is being offset in a credible way) and if your servers can be considered running in a cloud.


How do I know if the electricity our servers are using is 100% green?

With green electricity we mean fossil free electricity, so both renewable energy sources and nuclear energy are considered green – and are in our calculations considered having a zero climate impact. This is not 100% true since both renewable sources and nuclear sources have a carbon footprint from construction and maintenance, but the climate impact are negligible in comparison with electricity from fossil sources.

Depending on where your servers are located, there are different ways of finding out if the electricity your servers use is green:

  • On premise-server – check your electricity contract or contact your electricity-provider
  • Data center-server – check your contract or contact your provider
  • Cloud server – this is a bit more tricky. But if you want the short answer per provider:
    • Google Cloud – 100% green
    • Microsoft Azure – 100% green
    • Amazon AWS – Non green electricity for all locations except US West (Oregon), Europe (Frankfurt), Europe (Ireland), GovCloud (US-West), Canada (Central). More locations might appear in the future here: https://aws.amazon.com/about-aws/sustainability/
    • Oracle – Non-green except for in the UK
    • IBM – Non-green
    • Alibaba – Non-green

Source and more thorough examination of the cloud providers can be found here: The State of Data Center Energy Use in 2018

How do I know if my servers are in the cloud?

This might sound like an easy question, but there are many local providers that have smaller cloud-like solutions that might be as energy effective and utilize servers as good as the larger ones.

So the question you should ask yourself here – if you are unsure if your servers can be considered being in the cloud or not – is if your provider can utilize servers about as effective as the larger providers and if they can have the same energy efficiency as the larger ones.

The difference between the carbon footprint of servers running in large cloud providers and not can be big. According to the studies we have found on this:

We have decided to apply a simple factor of 0.5 for the energy consumption and server utilization of servers in the cloud. Amazon AWS claims a reduction of 84% in the amount of power required, but since we don’t have data for other providers we are rather a bit more conservative here.

The energy consumption from manufacturing and use

In our carbon footprint business calculator we have chosen to use data from a standard 2019 R640 Dell server. This is deemed as a high end but not unusual server being bought 2019. An exact server model would give more precise data here, but we decided that it was not reasonable to expect people using our business calculator to know the exact name of the servers if the have been bought by the business, and in the cloud it’s close to impossible to know exactly what hardware model your server is run on anyway.

The data sheet for the server we chose can be found here: https://i.dell.com/sites/csdocuments/CorpComm_Docs/en/carbon-footprint-poweredge-r640.pdf

The server is consuming 1760.3 kWh / year and has a manufacturing climate impact of 320 kg CO2e/year assuming a four-year life span.

If you are doing a calculation of your own and you know exactly what kind of server you or your provider uses, you should use those numbers instead.

The Four Carbon Footprint categories

We have used a Nordisk Residualmix as the factor for CO2e emissions per kWh. The factor is 0,329 CO2e / kWh. The reason for us using this is that most business using our calculator are expected to be in the Nordics.

So if we use these number and assumptions from above:

  • Emissions from production of servers for use on premise: 320 kg CO2e/year
  • Emissions from production of servers for use in cloud (since 50% is manufactured for use in cloud): 160 kg CO2e/year
  • Emissions from green power consumption: 0 kg CO2e/year
  • Emissions from non-green consumption for premise power or self managed servers : 1760.3 kWh / year * 0,329 CO2e / kWh = 579 kg CO2e
  • From non-green cloud power consumption : 1760.3 kWh / year * 0,329 CO2e / kWh * 0,5 = 290 kg CO2e

This results in these factors four our four categories:

  1. Cloud server using 100% green electricity: 160 kg CO2e / year and server
  2. Cloud server using non-green electricity: 450 kg CO2e / year and server
  3. On premise or data center-server using 100% green electricity: 320 kg CO2e / year and server
  4. On premise or data center-server using non-green electricity: 899 kg CO2e / year and server

Please comment to this post if you have any questions or comments!

If you want help with doing a GHG-emissions calculation for your business, feel free to use our carbon footprint business calculator or contact us at [email protected] And if you want to start living a climate neutral life, join us today!

This is how we manage the 1.5 degree target!

What do we have to do to manage the 1.5 degree target and avoid the worst consequences of climate change?

Managing the 1.5 degree target is challenging to say the least, but still reachable if we start doing things differently today from yesterday. According to calculations that we have done based on a few studies, in practice, all of us will have to keep a yearly “carbon dioxide budget” and emit maximally 5 tonnes greenhouse gases by the year 2020 (excluding public consumption). Currently, the average Swede emits nearly 9 tonnes greenhouse gases per year (excluding public consumption). The global average is 6 tonnes greenhouse gases every year.

What is possible to do within a carbon dioxide budget of 5 tonnes?

To create an understanding of what can be included within a carbon dioxide budget of maximally 5 tonnes, here are some general estimates of the emissions of a few activities:

  • Driving 10 000 km with a petrol-powered car corresponds to approx. 1 tonne CO2eq emissions.
  • Eating non-processed vegan food corresponds to approx. 0.5 tonne and above CO2eq emissions.
  • Eating a diet based on a lot of red meat and dairy products corresponds to approx. 2.5 tonnes CO2eq emissions.
  • Living in an apartment – electricity, heating and hot water corresponds to approx. 1,5 tonnes CO2eq emissions/apartment (based on Swedish averages with low carbon intensity electricity).
  • Living in a house – electricity, heating and hot water equals approx. 2,7 tonnes CO2eq emissions/house (based on Swedish averages with low carbon intensity electricity)
  • A 5-hour’ flight corresponds to 1 tonne CO2eq (including high altitude emissions). This means that traveling to and from Frankfurt-New York emits approx. 3 tonnes CO2eq. Traveling to and from London-Mexico corresponds to approx. 4 tonnes CO2eq.

If I offset all my CO2eq emissions – can I emit more than 5 tonnes then?

No. Sorry, but it is not that easy. We have been letting out huge amounts of carbon dioxide for so many years now that we are in a hurry, and we have to do everything that we can to even have a shot at managing the 1.5 degree target. A dream scenario would be if we could reduce our emissions to a maximum of 5 tonnes CO2eq by 2020 and at the same time offset all the emissions that we currently cannot prevent (such as public consumption, to give an example).

So, from where did we get “a maximum of 5 tonnes”?

To begin with, we looked at the study 1.5 degree lifestyles (2018). According to this study, globally, in the year 2030, we will be able to emit maximally 2.5 tonnes CO2eq/person to have a chance of managing the decisive 1.5 degree target. In 2040, we will be able to emit maximally 1.4 tonnes CO2eq/person, and in 2050 – a maximum of only 0.7 tonnes CO2eq/person.

Thereafter, we used the theory of the “Carbon Law” from A roadmap for rapid decarbonisation (Rockström et al, 2017). According to the Carbon Law, we must halve our CO2eq emissions every decade to have a 75% chance at keeping the global temperature below 2 degrees Celcius.

We then combined the results from the two studies, starting with the amount of maximally 2.5 tonnes CO2eq emissions in the year 2030 according to 1.5 degree lifestyles, and doubling this amount according to the Carbon Law to reach the number of a maximum of 5 tonnes CO2eq emissions by 2020. This amount excludes public consumption, however, does not include the justice aspect. Used in for example the Paris Agreement, the justice aspect states that poorer countries should be allowed a longer time to adjust their CO2eq emissions than richer countries. For this reason, we use the wording a maximum of 5 tonnes CO2eq.

So, based on these studies, we would have a pathway to managing the 1.5 degree target if we as soon as possible reduced our CO2eq emission levels to below 5 tonnes and at the same time offset all the emissions that we currently cannot prevent. This way, we would give poorer people in the world a greater chance to better life standards and have a bigger chance at stopping climate change.

1) The numbers from the 1.5 degree lifestyles report do not take into consideration the possibilities that negative emission techniques (NETs) could provide. However, the calculations for the Carbon Law presume NETs to manage the target and keep the global temperature below 2 degrees.

2) Our calculated maximum of 5 tonnes CO2eq emissions per person by 2020 also corresponds with WWF’s goal of 7 tonnes CO2eq emissions per person by 2020 (5 tonnes of CO2eq excluding public consumption).

References

https://www.aalto.fi/department-of-design/15-degrees-lifestyles
https://www.stockholmresilience.org/research/research-news/2017-03-23-curbing-emissions-with-a-new-carbon-law.html 
https://www.klimatkalkylatorn.se/downloads/Metoddokument.pdf
https://klimatkontot.se/


More than 500 shared their thoughts on climate offsetting and GoClimateNeutral

GoClimateNeutral’s first customer survey was conducted in March 2019 and answered by more than 500 people who use the service on a regular basis. With so many positive responses, we feel super happy to have been able to create a service that enables both individuals and companies to climate offset their carbon footprint and contribute to stopping climate change together.



Climate offsetting through GoClimateNeutral was described as easy (enkelt), good (bra) and reliable (seriöst). It should not be difficult to work for a better world.

What’s your attitude towards your individual carbon footprint?

Almost 90% of the English survey’s respondents who climate offset through GoClimateNeutral are actively trying to lower their carbon footprints. A bit over 5% of the respondents do not actively try to reduce their carbon footprints and around 4% wants to reduce but do not know how – this is something we are working on to get better at!

How did you find out about GoClimateNeutral?

Nearly 30% of the respondents that carbon offset through GoClimateNeutral have come in contact with us through recommendations. To reach even more people and better save the climate, we truly hope that you will continue to discuss and share all possible climate actions with your friends and familiy!

Find more results from the English survey here and the Swedish survey here!

UK Parliament unanimously passed the motion to declare environment and climate emergency

Extinction Rebellion Brussels by Nour Livia

Mayday May Day

The first of May is a day of importance every year, by celebrating labourers and the working class. But on the first of May 2019 this day made history with a massive step forward in the fight against Climate Change, as the UK Parliament declared Environment and Climate Emergency.

The votes were unanimous and this is hopefully just the first of many nations to take the same step in declaring a state of emergency. And while this is a thing to celebrate, we must not let our fists down and think this will change anything. We must put pressure on the politicians to make necessary changes. Words have no meaning without action.


But let’s back up a little.

What does it even mean to “declare a state of emergency” for a nation?

A government can declare a state of emergency during a disaster or warfare and gives the government power to take actions that they normally wouldn’t be authorized to.

When a nation declares emergency it also sends a clear signal to the citizens that there indeed is an emergency, and that changes most likely will be made to deal with said emergency.

Nowadays, a lot of legislations and changes takes a very long time to pass.

A state of emergency gives the government freedom to make important decisions faster.

Because no matter how bleak it sounds, we are indeed in the midst of an enormous crisis. The biggest crisis and challenge since the history of mankind. And we need to act fast. The people with the power to make big changes need to be able to act now. Because we are running out of time.

What now?

As mentioned before, without action this declaration means very little. Hopefully it will lead to more nations taking after the U.K. and vote to declare Climate and Ecological Emergency as well.

Extinction Rebellion and other environmental movements and activists need to keep fighting. Keep spreading the pressure on people in power, and gaining more support from the people.

Because even though it’s the people in power who can make the large changes, they won’t do it unless there’s enough pressure from the people.

And we, the people must act now.

Illustration by Ingram Pinn in Financial Times

This post is written by our blogger Evelina Utterdahl. You can read more about her here

500 personer delade sina tankar om klimatkompensering och GoClimateNeutral

Vår första användarundersökning genomfördes i mars 2019 och besvarades av nästintill 500 personer som använder vår tjänst idag. Med överhängande positiv respons är vi otroligt glada över att på relativt kort tid kunnat ta fram en tjänst som hjälper både privatpersoner och företag att klimatkompensera och tillsammans rädda klimatet.

Ta del av undersökningen i sin helhet här!

Enkelt, bra, seriöst, trovärdigt projekt är några av anledningarna till att många väljer att klimatkompensera via oss.

Klimatkompensation genom GoClimateNeutral beskrivs som enkelt, bra och seriöst. Det ska inte vara svårt att bidra till en bättre värld.

Över 85% av undersökningens svarspersoner som klimatkompenserar genom GoClimateNeutral jobbar aktivt med att sänka sitt klimatavtryck. Knappt 5% jobbar inte aktivt med att minska sitt avtryck och lite drygt 5% av svarspersonerna vet inte hur de kan sänka sitt avtryck – och detta vill vi bättre kunna hjälpa till med!

Sist men inte minst, då över 20% av de tillfrågade som klimatkompenserar genom GoClimateNeutral har kommit i kontakt med oss genom rekommendation, hoppas vi att ni fortsätter att diskutera och dela allt som vi tillsammans kan göra för att rädda klimatet med era vänner och bekanta.

Flight Emissions API

To combat climate change, easy access to data about our emissions are necessary. One of the largest sources of emissions for many individuals is the emissions from flying.

The GoClimateNeutral Flight Emissions API calculates an approximation of the amount of CO₂-equivalents a flight emits per person.

We wanted to build the GoClimateNeutral.org Flight Emissions API to educate people searching for flights what the environmental impact is per person, and thereby enabling people to choose less environmentally damaging flights or ways of travel.

Read more about our Flight Emissions API here.

Read more about how our flight CO2 emission calculations are made here.

Contact us and tell us more about your use case if you want an API-key.

Så klarar vi 1,5 gradersmålet!

Vad krävs för att vi ska klara 1,5 gradersmålet för att undvika de värsta konsekvenserna av klimatförändringarna?

Att klara 1,5 gradersmålet är minst sagt utmanande, men fullt möjligt om vi gör saker lite annorlunda än idag. Rent konkret betyder det att var och en av oss kommer att ha en koldioxidbudget på max 5 ton (exklusive offentlig konsumtion) att röra oss med under år 2020 enligt beräkningar vi har gjort utifrån ett par olika studier. I dagsläget har snittsvensken ett klimatavtryck på närmare 9 ton växthusgaser, exklusive offentlig konsumtion.

Vad kan jag göra med en koldioxidbudget på 5 ton?

Här är en grov uppskattning över hur stora utsläpp olika aktiviteter har för att skapa en förståelse för vad som kan klämmas in i 5 ton under ett år.

  • 1000 mils bilkörning med bensin motsvarar cirka 1 ton per bil
  • Äta vegansk mat, ej processad, cirka 0,5 ton och uppåt
  • Äta en kost bestående av mycket rött kött och mejeriprodukter 2,5 ton
  • Lägenhet – el, uppvärmning och varmvatten 1,5 ton per lägenhet
  • Villa – el, uppvärmning och varmvatten 2,7 ton per villa
  • 5 timmars flygresa motsvarar 1 ton inklusive höghöjdsutsläpp, d v s en flygresa tur och retur New York har ett klimatavtryck på cirka 3 ton. En flygresa till Mexiko motsvarar cirka 5,5 ton.

Om jag klimatkompenserar för mina utsläpp – får jag släppa ut mer än 5 ton då?

Nej, tyvärr. Så enkelt är det inte. Vi har under många års tid släppt ut enorma mängder växthusgaser. Det är minst sagt bråttom nu och vi behöver göra allt vi kan om vi ska ha en chans att klara 1,5 graders målet. Drömscenariot är om vi både kan minska våra utsläpp till 5 ton redan år 2020 samt klimatkompensera för de utsläpp vi i dagsläget inte har möjlighet att minska.

Så här kom vi fram till siffran “max 5”

Enligt studien 1.5 degree lifestyles (2018) behöver vi globalt vara nere på en utsläppsnivå på 2,5 ton år 2030, 1,4 ton år 2040 och 0,7 ton år 2050 per person och år för att klara det avgörande 1,5 gradersmålet.

För att få fram en aktuell siffra för 2020 har vi använt oss av Carbon Law, ett resultat av studien A roadmap for rapid decarbonization (2017), som är framtagen av en forskningsgrupp ledd av Johan Rockström. Enligt Carbon Law behöver vi halvera våra utsläpp varje decennium för att ha 75 procents chans att hålla oss under 2 grader.

Vi har tagit siffran 2,5 ton för år 2030 enligt rapporten 1.5 degree lifestyles och dubblerat den enligt Carbon Law och därigenom kommit fram till siffran på 5 ton för år 2020. Siffran exkluderar offentligt konsumtion, men tar inte hänsyn till rättviseaspekten – att fattigare länder ska få längre tid på sig att ställa om som är fastställt enligt Parisavtalet. Det bästa är alltså om vi kan hålla oss under 5 ton för att ge fattiga människor en chans till ett bättre liv – därav ordet “max”.

Målsiffrorna från rapporten 1.5 degree lifestyles förutsätter inte tekniker för negativa utsläpp. Beräkningarna för Carbon Law förutsätter negativa utsläpp för att klara målet på väl under 2 graders uppvärmning.

Målsättningen på max 5 ton stämmer även överens med WWFs mål om 7 ton CO2e (5 ton exklusive offentlig konsumtion) per person för år 2020.

Källor

https://www.aalto.fi/department-of-design/15-degrees-lifestyles
https://www.stockholmresilience.org/research/research-news/2017-03-23-curbing-emissions-with-a-new-carbon-law.html
https://www.klimatkalkylatorn.se/downloads/Metoddokument.pdf


Second Investment in Godawari Green Energy Solar

Gold Standard

We have now offset another 25,000 ton CO2eq in a CDM and Gold Standard certified project!

Located in northern India, this large-scale, 50 MW-capacity solar thermal power project generates almost 119,000 MWh for India’s Combined Regional Grid, displacing electricity sourced from the burning of fossil fuels to reduce emissions and contribute to regional sustainable development.

India is the world’s second largest country by population, beaten only by China – and it is rapidly catching up. As its developing economy strengthens further and rapid population growth continues, India’s energy needs are rising. While the share of renewables in India’s energy mix is growing, coal still accounts for over half of its electricity production.

Located in Jaisalmer District in North India’s Rajasthan State, this large-scale solar thermal power project helps satiate India’s growing energy demands. The 50 MW-capacity solar thermal plant uses parabolic trough technology to generate almost 119,000 MWh of clean energy for the Combined Regional Grid annually, further diversifying India’s electricity mix away from fossil fuels.

On top of supplanting fossil fuels with clean electricity to reduce emissions, the project proponent commits 2% of Carbon Emission Reduction (CER) sales to community welfare and sustainable development projects. The social benefits of this include local employment opportunities that alleviate regional poverty, as well as better roads and improved basic infrastructure. The project also contributes to the transfer of environmentally sound, state-of-the-art thermal solar power generation technology in India, and encourages further technology development.

You can read more about last time we invested in this project here.

More information about this project in the Gold Standard registry (including verification and monitoring reports): https://registry.goldstandard.org/projects/details/1705

More information on the UN-site here: https://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/DB/KBS_Cert1348206450.84/view

Certificate: Certificate 25000 Godwari

See more pictures of the project here: https://www.gettyimages.co.uk/search/2/image?events=170700953&family=editorial&sort=best#